Tatiana Petrovna Nikolayeva (Russian: Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева, Tat'jana Petrovna Nikolaeva; May 4, 1924 –  November 22, 1993) was a Russian Soviet pianist, composer and teacher.   Early life   Nikolayeva was born in Bezhitsa (now part of Bryansk) in the Bryansk district on May 4, 1924. Her mother was a  professional pianist and studied at the Moscow Conservatory under the renowned pedagogue Alexander  Goldenweiser (whose other students included Grigori Ginzburg, Samuil Feinberg, Dimitri Bashkirov and Lazar  Berman), and her father was an amateur violinist and cellist. She studied piano from the age of three and was  composing by age twelve. At thirteen, she entered the Moscow Conservatory, studying with Goldenweiser and  Evgeny Golubev. Goldenweiser, who had been friends with Alexander Scriabin, Sergei Rachmaninoff and Nikolai  Medtner, stressed the need to develop the highest proficiency in contrapuntal playing. Nilkolayeva graduated in  1948. After graduation, she studied composition with Golubev. During this time, she wrote a cantata - "Pesn o  schastye" ('Song about Happiness') and two piano concertos. The first piano concerto, in B, the latter piece later  recorded with the USSR State Symphony Orchestra under the conductor Kirill Kondrashin.   Career   In 1950 Nikolayeva gained prominence by winning the International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition, part of  the bicentennial marking Bach's death. More importantly, she met Dmitri Shostakovich at the competition, leading  to a lifelong friendship, and was chosen as a first performer of Shostakovich's 24 Preludes and Fugues. Nikolayeva  made three complete recordings of the cycle.   In 1959 Nikolayeva became a teacher at the Moscow Conservatory, later becoming professor in 1965. She made  over 50 recordings during her career, notably keyboard works by Bach, including his Art of Fugue, and by  Beethoven, but only became widely known in the West late in life. With the fall of Communism, she found herself  in demand internationally, making several concert tours to Europe and the United States. She also sat as a jury  member on many international competitions, including the Leeds International Piano Competition in 1984 and  1987. One of her best known recordings is a transcription of Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf, which was  released by RCA Victor in Japan. She was known to have had an immense repertoire, and many enthusiasts await  the reissue of much of her Melodya back-catalog.   Teaching A teacher for over four decades, Nikolayeva taught many prominent pianists and worked closely with the young  Nikolai Lugansky, who went on to great international acclaim.   Awards   Her third recording of the Shostakovich 24 Preludes and Fugues won the 1991 Gramophone award in the  instrumental category. Robert-Schumann-Preis (Zwickau, East Germany, 1971). Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1955),  People's Artist of the RSFSR (1977). People's Artist of the USSR (1983). International Competition named after  Johann Sebastian Bach in Leipzig (1950, 1st prize). Stalin Prize, first degree (1951) - for the concert and performing  activities for the essay and the concert for piano and orchestra. Medal "For Labor Valor" (1966, in connection with  the 200th anniversary of the Moscow Conservatory)   Death   On November 13, 1993, while playing the Shostakovich Preludes and Fugues at a concert in San Francisco,  Nikolayeva was stricken by a cerebral haemorrhage and was unable to complete the performance.  She died nine days later, on November 22.4 (Some sources say she died on November 13, but this is incorrect.)  
© 2018. All rights reserved |
next previous